A Sadar Court for the
Province of Sindh was established by Bombay Act XII
of 1866. This Sadar Court was the Highest Court of appeal
for Sindh in Civil and Criminal matters and was presided
over by a Judge called the “Judicial Commissioner
of Sindh”. In 1906 the Bombay Act XII
of 1866 was amended by the Sindh Courts Amending Act
(Bom. I of 1906) and the Sadar Court was converted into
the Court of the Judicial Commissioner of Sindh consisting
of three or more Judges. Apart from being the highest
Court of Appeal for Sindh in civil and criminal matters,
the Court was the District Court and the Court of Session
in Karachi. On 21st August, 1926 the Sindh Courts Act
(Bom. VII of 1926) was passed into law-making provision
for the establishment of a Chief Court for the Province
On the coming into operation of Part
III of the Government of India Act, 1935, on 1st April,
1937, Sindh became a separate Province and the Judges
of the Court of Judicial Commissioner of Sindh were
appointed by Royal Warrant by the British Government.
As the Sindh Courts Act, 1926 followed
closely the lines of the Letters Patent of the Bombay
High Court, it was felt that the immediate need of the
Province could be satisfied by bringing that Act into
operation thereby raising the status of the Court to
that of the Chief Court of Sindh. Ultimately the Government
of India Act, 1935, was suitably amended by Parliament
and on 15th April, 1940 the Sindh Courts Act, 1926,
was brought into operation and the Court of the Judicial
Commissioner of Sindh became on that day the Chief Court
In 1907, the Court consisted of a Judicial
Commissioner, and three Additional Judicial Commissioners.
However, in 1935, the number of Additional Judicial
Commissioners was increased from 3 to 4, and in that
year the following were the Judges.
Judicial Commissioners of Sindh
- V.M. Forrers, Esq., I.C.S. (Retired, May 1935).
- Godfrey Davis, Esq., I.C.S. (From June, 1935)
Additional Judicial Commissioners
- Rupchand Bilaram, Esq., B. A., LL. B.
- Dadiva C. Metha, Esq., M.A., LL. B.
- M.A. Havelivala, Esq. Bar-at-Law.
- Charles M. Lobo, Esq., B. A., LL.B. (Officiating).
In 1937 the Judicial Commissioners,
by the Order in Council were designated as the Judges.
Significantly for the first time that in 1938 a Muslim
namely, Mr. Hatim B. Tyabji, Bar-at-Law was appointed
as the Acting Judge of the Court.
In 1947 Mr. Hatim B. Tyabji became
the Chief Judge of Sindh Chief Court and the Court consisted
of the following Judges.
- The Hon’ble Mr. Dennis Nail O’Sullivan,
Bar at Law.
- The Hon’ble Mr. T. V. Thadani, Bar-at-Law.
- The Hon’ble Mr. George Baxandell Constantine,B.A.(Oxen),
- The Hon’ble Mr. Hassanali G. Agha, B.A. LL.B.
- The Mr. Maneksha Rustomji Mehar, I.C.S. (Offg.)”
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